Something that seems to be missing from the gentrification debate is would the urban scholars of today even be able to recognize a form of urban revitalization that does not result in gentrification? I know of some inner city neighborhoods in Milwaukee that have experienced significant investment, with nearly every building along once abandoned historic commercial corridors renovated or newly constructed, but where the surrounding neighborhood remains remains 90% or more occupied by low income minority residents. Is this a failure or a success? It seems to be an example of revitalization without gentrification. I don't know if the revitalization was accompanied by changes in employment rates or income, but its possible that they would remain above or below thresholds of interest to gentrification scholars, and perhaps not even noticed. Seems like if an inner city neighborhood isn't gentrifying, it will be classified as a failing neighborhood. Seems like we need some alternate models for success or transformation of inner city neighborhoods that don't involve gentrification.